|Traumatic Experience||70% of adults in the U.S. have experienced some type of traumatic event at least once in their lives.||source|
|PTSD Diagnosis||Of these, 20% go on to develop PTSD.||source|
|Overall Prevalence||An estimated 8% of Americans – 24.4 million people – have PTSD at any given time.||source|
|Chances over Time||An estimated 7.8% of Americans will experience PTSD at some point in their lives.||source|
|Within the Mental Health System||Almost 50% of all outpatient mental health patients have PTSD.||source|
PTSD is common in the United States. Any victim of a traumatic event is at risk for PTSD, though most do not develop the disorder. A large percent of patients within the mental health system, however, do suffer with PTSD.
|Women and PTSD||An estimated 1 out of 10 women develops PTSD. Women are about twice as likely as men to develop PTSD.||source|
|Diagnosis Across Gender||10% of women will receive diagnoses of PTSD, while only five% of men are diagnosed with the disorder.||source|
|Children and Trauma||Children are less likely to experience PTSD after trauma than adults, especially if they are under 10 years of age.||source|
|Race and PTSD Prevalence||The lifetime prevalence of PTSD was highest among Blacks (8.7%), intermediate among Hispanics and Whites (7.4%), and lowest among Asians (4.0%).||source|
|Race and Treatment||All non-white groups were less likely to seek treatment for PTSD than Whites, and fewer than half of minorities sought treatment.||source|
|Exposure to War||3 out of 10 individuals who have spent civilian or military time in a war zone will develop PTSD.||source|
Anyone is susceptible to PTSD. Women are much more likely to develop and be diagnosed with PTSD. Children are less likely under a certain age. Non-white populations are slightly more likely to develop PTSD, though they are often less likely to receive treatment. Combat exposure of all kinds is a significant risk factor.
|Hereditary Links||There is evidence that susceptibility to PTSD is hereditary. Approximately 30% of the variance in PTSD is caused from genetics alone.||source|
|PTSD and The Brain||The prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus have been identified as being altered in patients with PTSD.||source|
|Anxiety Disorders||Panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorders (GAD), and PTSD share 60% of the same genetic variance.||source|
|Substance Dependency||Alcohol, nicotine, and drug dependence share greater than 40% genetic similarities with PTSD patients.||source|
|Substance Abuse||Individuals suffering from PTSD engage in abuse of illegal and prescription drugs at a rate 3 times the general population.||source|
|Traumatic Brain Injury||Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) often are also at risk for PTSD, including mild TBI.||source|
|Suicide||Studies have shown that PTSD alone is significantly associated with suicidal ideation or attempts. Research is ongoing.||source|
While research is still ongoing, there is evidence of genetic markers for greater PTSD susceptibility. PTSD is categorized as an anxiety disorder and shares physical characteristics of these conditions.
Research suggests a tendency towards both drug abuse and suicide in patients with PTSD. Particularly in military populations, traumatic brain injury is often a cause of PTSD.
|Tendencies toward PTSD||3 out of 10 individuals who have spent civilian or military time in a war zone will develop PTSD.||source|
|General Prevalence||10 – 30% of veterans develop PTSD in their lifetimes.||source|
|Across Military Branches||Members of the Marines and Army are four times more likely to develop PTSD as those serving in the Air Force or Navy.||source|
|Current Diagnosis Rates||20% of the soldiers who’ve been deployed in the past 6 years have PTSD.||source|
|Recent Increases||In the past year, the number of diagnosed cases in the military jumped 50%.||source|
|Sexual Assault and PTSD||17% of combat troops are women; 71% of female military personnel develop PTSD due to sexual assault within the ranks.||source|
|Comparing Wars||Gulf War: 3 - 7% returning vets have PTSD
Afghanistan: 6 – 11% returning vets have PTSD
Iraq: 12 – 20% returning vets have PTSD
Military members are at significantly higher risk of PTSD than in the general population. That said, the majority of military members do not experience PTSD.
Diagnosis of PTSD has increased, particularly for combat veterans and sufferers of sexual assault.
|Diagnosis Increases||Since the introduction of the DSM-IV, the number of possible events which might be used to diagnose PTSD has increased in studies by as much as 50%.||source|
|Delayed Onset||About a quarter of PTSD cases did not appear until 9 to 25 months after the traumatic event.||source|
|Treatment Successes||PTSD is treatable. 80% of those diagnosed with PTSD, given proper treatment, enter remission after 5 years.||source|
|Benefits From a Diagnosis||A PTSD diagnosis can qualify a military member for a 50% disability rating and a medical retirement that includes a pension and other benefits.||source|
Diagnosis of PTSD in general has increased and its definition has been refined. Its appearance is often delayed, but it remains a very treatable condition.
A correct diagnosis can often help connect patients to various resources.